This proven bait is my combination of the Nelson formula with additional mink and muskrat glands added. Not tincture....straight glands old school. I do not thicken with starches so this bait may look a little darker than others on the market. The skunk is there, but polite. It doesn't smack you in the face. You can add more if you like that however the coyote knows it's there. This bait will flat out stack the predators up for you, if you go out and put the work in.